Chief Bowles Monument, 1991
This 1936 Texas historical marker is out in the middle of a cow pasture with the looming high-power electrical structure in the background. It is located in Cherokee County, Texas, between Rusk and Alto. The monument reads: "Site of the last home of Bowles, great chief of the Cherokee Nation. Here he received President Lamar's decree of expulsion from Texas of the Cherokees and associate tribes in June, 1839. Chief Bowles was killed in decisive battle in the present Van Zandt County, July 16, 1839 and the tribes expelled."